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Stygofauna are aquatic animals that live in groundwater.  

Most stygofauna are invertebrates, predominantly species of crustaceans, but also include worms, snails, water mites and diving beetles, while others are vertebrates (fish).

Stygofauna often need to be considered as a factor in environmental assessment and approval for development projects.
Stygofauna and cave diver

Subterranean Ecology provides a full complement of scientific and environmental services for stygofauna, including:

  • Field Surveys & Monitoring
  • Specimen Identification
  • Analysis & Interpretation
  • Impact Assessments for Environmental Approvals
  • Desktop Studies & Reviews
  • Reporting & Publications